Jean-Baptiste Lully (or Giovanni Battista Lulli) is a composer and violinist of the Baroque period, French of Italian origin, superintendent of music of Louis XIV. He was born in Florence on November 28, 16321 and died in Paris on March 22, 1687.
With his gifts as a musician and organizer as well as a courtier or even intriguer, Lully dominated the entire musical life in France at the time of the Sun King.
He was one of the main promoters of the development of several forms of music that he organized or conceived: tragedy in music, the grand motet, the opening to the French.
His influence on all European music of his time was great, and many of the most talented composers (Henry Purcell, Georg Friedrich Haendel, Johann Sebastian Bach, Jean-Philippe Rameau) are indebted to him in one way or another.