Antonio Vivaldi, born March 4, 1678 in Venice and died July 28, 1741 in Vienna, is an Italian violinist and composer.
Vivaldi was one of the most admired violin virtuosos of his time ( incomparable Violin virtuoso according to contemporary testimony) - he is also recognized as one of the most important composers of the Baroque period, as the main initiator of the soloist concerto, a genre derived from the concerto grosso.
His influence, both in Italy and throughout Europe, has been considerable, and can be measured by the fact that Bach has adapted and transcribed more works by Vivaldi than any other musician.
His activity has been in the fields of instrumental music, particularly violin, and lyric music, and has resulted in the creation of a considerable number of concertos, sonatas, operas and religious pieces. prided himself on being able to compose a concerto faster than the copyist could transcribe it.
A Catholic priest, his red hair made him nicknamed "He Prete rosso, The red priest , nickname perhaps better known in Venice than his real name, as reported by Goldoni in his Memoirs.
As was the case for many 18th century composers, his music, as well as his name, was soon forgotten after his death.
It was to find some interest among scholars in the nineteenth century, thanks to the rediscovery of Johann Sebastian Bach - however, his true recognition took place during the first half of the twentieth century, thanks to the work of scholars or musicologists such as Arnold Schering or Alberto Gentili, to the involvement of musicians such as Marc Pincherle, Olga Rudge, Angelo Ephrikian, Gian Francesco Malipiero or Alfredo Casella, and the enthusiasm of enlightened amateurs like Ezra Pound.
Today, some of his instrumental works including the four concertos known as "The Four Seasons" are among the most popular in the classical repertoire.
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